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H1N1 (Swine) Flu FAQs

H1N1 (Swine) Flu
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H1N1 (Swine) Flu FAQs

This fact sheet is adapted by the HTH Chief Medical Officer and HTH Global Health and Safety Department from information provided by the World Health Organization, Centers for Disease Control and other official sources and provides general information about influenza A (H1N1).


1. What are the symptoms of the influenza A (H1N1)?

The symptoms of influenza A (H1N1) are similar to the symptoms of regular seasonal influenza infection and include fever, fatigue, lack of appetite, coughing and sore throat. Some people with H1N1 influenza have also reported vomiting and diarrhea.

2. Is there any treatment, once influenza A (H1N1) virus infects me?

Testing has shown that H1N1 influenza can be treated with the antiviral oseltamavir (Tamiflu®) or zanamivir (Relenza®).

3. If I got the seasonal flu vaccine this winter, will that protect me?

The seasonal flu vaccine is not intended to protect against the H1N1 virus. However it is possible that prior exposure and/or immunization to the various strains of the seasonal flu may provide some immunity to the novel influenza virus. For more information, read this.

4. What should I do if I am feeling unwell? What if I am away from home?

If you are experiencing flu symptoms, you should seek care from a medical professional and/or contact HTH to receive specific advice regarding your best options for care.

5. What should I do if I have returned home from an area where influenza A (H1N1) infections have been reported?

Anyone who has recently traveled to the affected areas and is experiencing flu-like symptoms should stay at home to limit contact with others, and seek medical advice from a local health professional.

6. Are there special precautions for people whose immune systems are suppressed?

People whose immune systems are suppressed should exercise the highest degree of caution and vigilance in avoiding contact with those exhibiting flu-like symptoms.

7. How can I help keep myself and my children healthy?

General infection control practices and good respiratory and hand hygiene can help to reduce transmission of all viruses, including H1N1. This includes:
  • Wash hands frequently
  • Avoid sharing foods, drinks and utensils
  • Avoid crowded settings (concerts, airport, sporting events, fairs, etc.)